Welcome to Blogster!
1,488,199 Blogster Users  |  364,642 Posts
 
 
 

AuthorAngelicTarasio

 

Blog Traffic: 4160

Posts: 17

My Comments: 30

User Comments: 67

Photos: 36

Friends: 163

Following: 1

Followers: 3

Points: 525

Last Online: 56 days ago


 
 

Visitors

No Recent Visitors
 

The Truth about Communist Ideology and Global Contamination

Added: Thursday, March 26th 2020 at 3:27pm by AuthorAngelicTarasio
 
 
 

The Truth about Communist Ideology and Global Contamination 

By Angelic Tarasio

In my dedication to the 2nd book of the Trilogy “God’s Miracles in Lives of Regular People” I named my husband’s family and millions of other people, who underwent the terror of Stalin’s repressions. This trilogy motivates modern generations to learn from historical negative experiences of 20th century with bringing socialism in countries under bloody communist dictatorships that globally killed around ONE BILLION innocent people.  I understood that it is necessary to make an explanation of the ugly, inhuman policy of Marxism, Soviet communist leaders and how it influenced the whole world.

For the people with normal mentality it is difficult to understand the strategy of the USSR, the first communist country, aimed at keeping different nations, nationalities and sovereign countries under constant fear, purges, arrests, tortures and executions. The communist leaders covered their satanic deeds under the slogans with promises of ideal life under the communism. The rulers themselves lived under the communism, receiving all the welfare people can imagine and dream about. All of state goods belong to them and none of communist rulers were waiting for the communism to be built in order to share these goods with “a new nation unity, named the soviet people”.

In this introduction I shall give some brief description of how the totalitarian communist regime affected the life of millions of people and I promise to use only authentic historical facts. Besides the knowledge of the family history I spent days, weeks, months and years with the research of the historical materials illustrating a very important experience in history of mankind. At the present time, there are many books which describe the absurdity and cruelty of the soviet dictatorship of workers and peasants. There was no other state structure in the world that in reality was so much against the growth of personal welfare of their citizens. There was no any other political system that ratified its power through the repeal of all the human laws, humiliation and annulment of their own population, as theRussian surrogate of the communist party, government and forceful GPU/NKVD/KGB security services.

I spent a lot of time in research and studying the subjects that I mentioned to my readers. Besides of my deep research of “The communist Manifesto” and “Das Kapital” written by Karl Marx, I still remember the classes of Dialectic communism and Political economy, when I took them in the University, as “must learn” subjects. In the communist countries, nobody could obtain the Diploma without high grades in those two subjects.

The knowledge of the subject and my own experience of living half of my life under the communist dictatorship gave me the right to conclude once again that Karl Marx, as the father of communism could not accept his own poverty, as God’s will. People need to work in order to make the appropriate living for their families. The Marx’s theory of dialectic materialism was created by rather poor man who had never been involved in development of his own enterprise or even small business, and who was far from the reality predicting the end of capitalism. All his blaming ideas regarding “surplus value” were bases not on logical conclusions after scientific observations and experimental proofs of capitalist development, but on personal hatred towards those who had already learned how to start and successfully grow theprofitable company, enterprise, or concern. Marx created his dangerous for every society “Critical Theory” that aimed to dig beneath the surface of social life and change it. “The Manifesto” with its critique of capitalism led to Marx being expelled from Germany.

Life changes in communist countries proved that it was easy for Marx to be critical and detrimental. Marx fantasized for “economic equality” through abolition of private property, abolition of all rights of inheritance, confiscation of lands, plants, factories, banks, houses and mines, and concentrating them in the hands of proletariat - workers and peasants.  Instead of development of progressive and efficiently growing system, Karl Marx created the system of total destruction of economy and agriculture, starvation and misery of the population, as well as unlimited control of communist dictatorship over the citizens.

Marx’s ideals gave rise to furious, bloody revolutions in different countries, where brothers killed brothers, if they did not follow the same ideology. Marx’s communist ideology also states that these revolutions should spread across the globe. We must be grateful to Divinity, that stopped and terminated the expansion of Communism, as the huge red octopus which started its growth and development in the USSR and spread its poisonous idea of “economic equality” to many countries of the world with transforming them into socialist countries under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Marxism and Socialism have proved to be colossal failures all over the world.

Most people who are pro-communism in the way Marx taught it did not live in the countries where 10 principles of communism had their practical application. The illiterate governments of workers and peasants were successful with forceful abolition, confiscation and elimination of bourgeoisie, landlords and clergy, as “part of humanity unworthy of existence”. The authors of “Black Book of Communism” Stéphane CourtoisNicolas WerthJean-Louis PannéAndrzej Paczkowski and Karel Bartosek accented that communism and Nazism are slightly different totalitarian systems.  The primary difference between Nazism and Communism is that the communist model is based on the class system: “Who was nobody became everything.” While Nazi model was based on race. Both systems are genocidal. Nazis murdered 25 million victims. The communist regimes killed over abillion people in the USSR and other communist countries.

The communist/ bolshevik revolution of 1917 made Russia the poorest nation in Europe. The revolution was driven more than anything else by hatred of illiterate in its mass workers, homeless and unemployed people and some part of the poorest peasants. They attempted to eliminate the class enemies, who Stalin identified as the “enemies of the people”.

Who belonged to those “class enemies”? Nobles, clergy, landowners, owners of the banks, companies, plants and factories, shop and hotel keepers, ex-policemen, ex-tsarist civil offices clerks, ex-White/tsarist Army officers, ex-members of bourgeois parties and government. Stalin blamed them for the fiscal misery of the nation.

The new rulers took fast measures to “liquidate their enemies, as a class.” In 1928 the government

  • fired thousands of “class enemies” from their jobs;
  • denied civil rights of those people;
  • deprive them of ration/food cards in order they and their families starved and died;
  • denied them the right to receive medical care;
  • evoked them out of their homes and apartments or left just one room for the entire family and settle “revolutionaries” in the rest of the house.

The communist party and Stalin gave voice to the most despotic tyranny and dictatorship that ever existed. To think in a different way was forbidden. Stalin demonstrated his repressive mentality when he stated, “Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns. Why should we let them have ideas?”

In 1929 Stalin had become the supreme leader of the USSR. Beginning in early 1930, the demonic regime initiated a campaign to rid the country of “entrepreneurs” – mostly self-employed shopkeepers and craftsmen, who operated tiny, one-person businesses. They were by no means wealthy people and 93.3% had no employees at all. However, as “capitalists”, they were regarded as “socially undesirable elements” and were punished by a tax hike of 1,000%, as well as the confiscation of their business inventory. A December 1930 decree designated more than 30 different categories of citizens to be deprived of their civil rights, housing rights, access to health care and ration/food cards.

The system grew a special category of “spy” neighbors, who were scared to death by the security services and submitted their reports about “the forbidden underground activity of their neighbors.” My aunt had three children and a sick husband. She was a professional designer of clothing and a tailor. Considering the fact that at that time, there was impossible to find any ready-made clothing for adults and children at the stores, she could hardly find the possibility to make some income, working at home. The customers brought the fabric and my poor aunt worked secretly in constant fear for bread, flour, milk and potatoes that the women paid her with. I remember, how in 1950s, she continued to keep her old Singer sewing machine hidden from the eyes of inspectors in the basement in order not to destine herfive-member family for starvation.

The bizarre idea of Marx’ social equality and social justice meant in practice that 25 million peasant farmers would not be paid their wages for their labor but would instead produce the agricultural output entirely to the state, which would in turn allow them to keep a modest share for their own survival needs. Had it happened in reality? Never.

In practice this meant that a nation which had been Europe’s breadbasket under the tsarist regime experienced famine and chronic agricultural scarcity until the system collapsed. The peasant farmers were completely demoralized by Stalin 1932 decree for total collectivization. The commissars took away cattle animals, horses and poultry from the farmers, as well as their lands and grain and potato supply for a new farmers’ year. More than 12 million peasants flooded Russian cities. As my grandmother described, “We were driven by the only thought, where to find some food for children, because our poor kids were dying, as flies. We suffered for two years in our village, buried our daughter and decided to move to the city. Nobody was allowed to do it without passports, but my brother from Kursk helped me and fourchildren to move and my poor husband Adrian could hardly survive another year in the village. In a year, when I visited our home village, I could barely find 30% of survived villagers there. Many people died and many people escaped from formally beautiful and rich village. My village looked empty and unfamiliar to me, when I arrived secretly to visit my husband.”

Exactly at that time, Stalin and NKVD created the infamous GULAG archipelago, a chain of slave labor camps in Siberia. Mass number of peasants was sent there or executed by soviet henchmen. Another huge number of peasant families were deported to remote wild regions of the country, where before none of human had inhabited.

Collectivization of peasant farms had its most cataclysmic effect in Ukraine, where in 1932-1933 Stalin turned famine into a tool of genocide. Identifying relatively rich Ukrainian peasantry, as an enemy to proletarian revolution he sent the special units of NKVD and army to Ukraine, Caucasus and the lower Volga river region to confiscate the peasants’ lands, supply, and create intentionally a famine throughout the ethnic-Ukrainian areas. This resulted in the death of more than 10 million Ukrainian people. The communist government followed one purpose in this calamity: they wanted to break the resistance of Ukrainian farmers to the confiscation of their lands, cattle, horses and poultry farms and force them toaccept the socialism.

Between August 1932 and December 1933 more than 125,000 people were arrested and sentenced; about 5,400 were executed.  It was the beginning of mass deportation of people to GULAG. Records show that in 1932, some 71,236 “specially displaced deportees” were sent to the camps. In 1934 this number climbed to 268,091.

The NKVD commissars and soviet inspectors continued their search for hidden grains and produce. They were allowed to torture people. The documents of the GPU/NKVD mentioned that among their methods of torturing were the following:

·       the suspected victims were always unmercifully beaten;

·       the peasants were stripped bare and exposed to freezing temperatures;

·       sometimes they were stretched out and scalded on white-hot stove before being placed in freezing temperatures;

·       the peasants’ feet and clothing were doused with gasoline and set ablaze; the flames were then snuffed out and this procedure was repeated until they revealed where the grain was hidden or they could be burned to the level of severe damage and death;

·       groups of peasants were lined up against the wall in front of their families and neighbors for simulated and rather often real execution.

The communist party and soviet government suspended the sale of railway tickets in regions affected by the famine. Their aim was to trap people inside the hunger zone, with no chance to escape, and let them slowly starve to death.

One of the regions affected most severely by the famine was the Ukrainian city of Kharkov. An Italian consul stationed there described in horrific detail the events that took place in that city: “Along with peasants who flock to the towns because there is no hope for survival in the countryside, there are also children who are simply brought here and abundant by their parents, who then return to their villages to die. Their hope is that someone in the town will be able to look after their children…” They were collected and taken to the nearest militia stations.

“That’s where all the children who are found in stations and on trains, the peasant families, the old homeless people and all the peasants that were picked up during the day are gathered together… A medical team does a sort of selection process… Anyone who is not yet swollen up and still has a chance of survival is directed to a specific area. People who are already started to swell up are moved out on goods trains and abundant about 40 miles out of town, so that they can die out of sight. When they arrive at the destination, huge ditches are dug, and the dead and half dead are carried out of the wagons.”

The artificially created famine affected 40 million of people, including those 10 million who died from it and those who suffered through it and survived.

In 1934, for one year and two months 6, 500 people were sentenced for the crime of terrorism and immediately executed. In 1935 through 1937, the astronomical numbers of sentences handed down by NKVD: 267,000 in1935; 274, 000 in 1936 and in a single operation in 1937 more than 259,000 people were arrested and nearly 73,000 were executed.

According to soviet nuclear physicist and academician Andrei Sakharov, more than 1.2 million members of the communist party were arrested between 1936 and 1939; of these, at least 600,000 were killed through torture, execution, and confinement in the concentration camps of GULAG.

Stalin’s repressions also sent thousands of scientists, writers, publishers, journalists, theater directors, actors, ballet dancers, high-ranking officers of the Red army, doctors, and engineers to Gulag, prisons or executioners. They were sentenced for the “wrong political or philosophical views”.

In the latest pre-war wave of terror in 1940-41, soviet authorities provided the “complete liquidation” of the clergy, a mission they have started right after the revolution and continued in the late 1920s. The purge against the clergy and the religion, as the communist considered, the poisonous “opium for people” resulted in the arrests of thousands of priests and nearly all bishops. Most of them were executed and the rest sent to forced labor camps of GULAG.

The statistics of 1936 shows that 21,000 churches and monasteries were active in the USSR and, in the beginning of 1941, fewer than 1,000 were functioning. The number of officially registered clerics nationwide declined from over 24,000 in 1936 to about 5,665 in early 1941.

During 1937-1938, NKVD arrested 1,575 million people. My grandfather Adrian was one among them. 1,345 million received some sentence – 85.4% and 681,692 were executed – 51%. This was an average of more than 20,000 executions monthly.

For death sentences no appeals were permitted and the executions were usually carried out within a few days. The number of political prisoners in Gulag grew significantly. In 1929 there have been approximately 55,000 prisoners; in 1935 their number reached 965,000 prisoners; in 1941 the Gulag population doubled from 1935 to nearly 2 million, to be more accurate it was 1.93 million people. In addition to that number the regular soviet prisons were packed with 462,000 inmates. Somewhere 20-35% of the prisoners were released each year, but it did not mean a genuine freedom, in most of the cases it was house arrest or exile.

In 1940 the Soviet Union annexed the territories of Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and the NKVD deported from the occupied territories more than 60,000 people.

When WWII started, the difficult conditions of prisoners in Gulags deteriorated. The camps commonly did not receive any food supplies for weeks or months. During the winter of 1942-43, 25% of all Gulag prisoners died from starvation. Over the entire war more than 2 million prisoners of Gulags perished in Siberian camps.

When the WWII was over, Stalin announced that all the soviet citizens who had been detained in foreign prisons, concentration and labor camps, as well as those who were forcefully taken by Nazis for slavery work in Germany during the war should now be classified as traitors and should be executed or deported to GULAG camps. Thus some 1.5 million new innocent victims were shipped straight to GULAG.

The post-war period was not much easier for the population of the USSR and especially the population of new annexed lands of Baltic republics – Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, as well as Western Ukraine. These countries were fighting for their independence. The NKVD was given all the rights for arrests, interrogations, inquisition and extirpation of the local population of the western lands in order to break the resistance.  

Soviet archival data states that on October 9, 1944, 1 NKVD Division, 8 NKVD brigades, and NKVD cavalry regiment with the total number of 26,304 NKVD soldiers stationed in Western Ukraine. In addition, 2 regiments with 1,500 and 1,200 persons, 1 battalion (517 men) and 3 armored trains with 100 additional soldiers each, as well as 1 border guards regiment and 1 unit were relocated to reinforce them.

Mass arrests of suspected UPA (Ukrainian Partisan Army) members, their informants or family members were conducted among the civil population. Between February 1944 and May 1946, over 250,000 were arrested in Western Ukraine. All the arrested underwent beating and tortures. The reports exist of the facts when the suspected prisoners were burned alive. Many arrested women believed to be affiliated with UPA were subjected to torture, deprivation and rape at the hands of NKVD in order to force them to reveal UPA members’ identities and locations or to turn them into soviet double-agents. Mutilated corpses of captured rebels were put on public display. Ultimately, between 1944 and 1952, more than 600,000 were arrested and 200,000 (one-third) were executed in annexed zones. The rest were imprisoned in GULAG orexiled. The resistance continued in some arias until 1956. The last deportations were directed against the clergy and farmers.

The intense Russification program and propaganda for communism was implemented in schools of all levels. The religious families were strictly persecuted, priests were murdered, churches were closed and turned into the storage depots and clubs. In all the annexed territories tribunals were set up to sentence “traitors to the people” and “people’s enemies” and provide their prompt liquidation. The Russification program included massive immigration of Russians into the Baltic countries and Western Ukraine. Hundreds of thousands of migrants were relocated from different parts of the Soviet Union “to assist” with industrialization, collectivization and militarization of the annexed countries.

Immediate confiscation and execution within 24 hours were decreed for diplomats abroad who refused to recognize the new regime and return to their native countries. Later orders expended the list of repressions, included anyone related to the person in hiding from a new government or who had fled abroad.

For two Soviet occupations approximately 150,000 Latvians ended up in exile in Arctic, Siberia GULAG or in Kazakhstan uncivilized areas. More than 200,000 Estonians were deported during pre-war and post-war Soviet occupation. In addition, at least 75,000 Estonians were sent directly to GULAG. More than 157,000 of Lithuanians were arrested, part of them was murdered and the rest deported to GULAG or the areas where the surviving was extremely difficult. No wonder that half of the deported perished during the initial years of hardships. The other half were not allowed to return to their native lands until the early 1960s. By that time really huge number of people died in exile.

Recently, we learned the horrible facts about secret assassinations, arrests and death sentences for 25,000 Poles, mainly Polish officers, who “disappeared” from the annexed territories of Poland and Baltic countries.

In April 1940, NKVD shot 11 Polish generals, 1 admiral, 77 colonels, 197 lieutenant colonels, 541 majors, 1,441 captains, 6,061 lieutenants and other ranks, 18 chaplains, the chief rabbi of the Polish army, together with Polish civil service representatives and bourgeoisie. There were also a few women among secretly deported victims and one of them was Janine Lewandowska, the Polish aviator.

NKVD set up for them eight camps on the properties of the closed monasteries, surrounded by high fences. Nobody could see the captured and get in contact with them. Here prisoners starved and froze in pigsties and derelict sheds. All of the Poles were charged with “struggling against the international communist movement” and found guilty in Kiev and Moscow trials.

The Katyn massacres, in which 22,000 polish officers, policemen, clergy and civil servants were murdered by NKVD, are the examples of senseless and brutal crimes of Stalin’s period. The prisoners were transported to the execution sites in the forest around Katyn. The eliminating contingent of NKVD was equipped with German weapons and ammunition. A total of fifty executioners were used and each evening a victim count was telegraphed to Moscow. They could be lost forever, but 4,143 bodies were exhumed by the German occupants in 1943. These victims suffered: they were stood in groups by open pits, many of them had their hands bound with barbed wire and some had nooses around their necks. Others and clergy among them were not taken to the forests, they were shot in Smolensk prison in an underground execution chamberand their bodies stacked in pits. In October the chief of NKVD Beria rewarded the executioners with an extra month salary, and the organizers were awarded with medals and other kinds of state awards.

As the shooting ended in mid-April, the unsuspecting families were sent to the Arctic to build a railway to cold mines of Vorkuta.

Stalin’s NKVD officer Ezhov shot more Poles in 1937-1938, but they were citizens of the USSR and continued to deport Poles from Poland. 140,000 Poles were sent to Kolyma to the permafrost area. Their wives and children were exiled for 10 years to Kazakhstan in April 1940. One week before Hitler attacked, over 30,000 Ukrainians were taken per one night from Romania – Bessarabia and Bukovina. Until June 1941, Poles, Ukrainians, Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians were railroaded east to Siberia and wilderness of Komi soviet republic.

When Hitler defeated France, the soviet intelligence service admitted that it was madness to slaughter the cream de la cream of the Polish army. In August, Stalin understood the mistake and Beria was ordered to release the survived Poles from GULAG camps and formed two Polish brigades of officers. In 1941, two-thirds of Polish inmates were retrieved to fight against the Nazis.

The soviet atheistic propaganda worked internationally to the degree that even Spanish leftists became evil and took a photo that later was wildly spread by the Soviet anti-religious propaganda. The picture was made at the moment, when a group of Spanish men was shooting at the stature of Jesus Christ during the civil war in Spain. I doubt that it could be possible in the country of faith in 1930s even in the fire of Civil war without satanic propaganda of the USSR. The leaders of the proletarian revolution flared up the political fight in Spain, involving the International communist brigades from other countries.

The Soviet book of history described, how poor population suffered in Spain from clergy and landowners, and how they were explored and, exactly as in old Russia, when they could not live in accordance with the old rules, so they became the revolutionaries. The republicans were communists, unemployed workers, landless peasants and revolutionary anarchists. They were even called “the reds”, as the revolutionary forces in Russia. All those forces were gathered under the Republic Popular Army, which was supported by volunteers from the Soviet Union with their multiple pilot, tank units and other weapons.

Mexican and International brigades from other countries were taken parts in the Civil war of the sovereign country of Spain. Roughly 30,000 communists, trade unionists or foreigners of 53 nations guided and controlled by Moscow NKVD fought in Spain. None of them mentioned that it was invasion into the life of a country with its history, strong faith and culture. Spain became the land of hatred, treachery of God, and destruction. At least one million people were killed during the civil war and about 7,000 of them were clerics. Churches, convents and monasteries were attacked and destroyed. Thirteen bishops, 4,184 priests, 283 nuns, 2,365 monks were killed during the war. Numerous repressive actions were committed or organized by soviet NKVD.

Nobody wanted to prevent the senseless war. On the contrary, in the early days of the war, over 50,000 people who were arrested on the “wrong” side of the fronts were assassinated or executed. During the Spanish civil war, NKVD agents, acting in conjunction with the communist party of Spain, exercised substantial control over the republican government, using soviet military aid for further influence. The NKVD established numerous secret prisons around Madrid, which were used to detain, torture, and murder hundreds of NKVD enemies, at first focusing on Spanish Nationalists and Catholics.

From late 1938, the anarchists and Trotskyites became the objects of NKVD persecution. In June of 1937, Andres Nin, the secretary of the anti-Stalinist Marxist party, was tortured and murdered in NKVD prison. Many interesting facts were discovered and opened in 1992, when the archive of NKVD/KGB was released. Two Canadian journalists prepared a documentary on Nin’s assassination. They found two letters of Alexander Orlov, the chief of Soviet NKVD in Spain. One letter was dated May 23, 1937 and explained how the material linking Nin with the fascists was fabricated. The other letter, dated July 24, 1937, gave detailed report on NKVD involvement in the torture and killing of Nin, who being a Marxist, provided criticism of Stalin’s dictatorship. The second letter written after Nin’s death identified the place,where the victim’s body lay. Nobody had known before that the NKVD buried his mutilated corpse between two highways in Spain.

Not so many people were familiar with the policy that USSR provided in the countries liberated from the Nazi Germany. The USSR considered itself a winner in the WWII and had not presented a liberal and humane policy to many countries of Europe. Shortly after the end of the war, the NKVD created a chain of internment camps in Europe. In Eastern Germany of 11 camps, 4 were established in former Nazi camps, including Buchenwald, named as Special camp #2. Camp inmates were primarily members of the Nazi party, the SS, members of the previous government, nobility, landowners, clergy and capitalists – owners of the factories, plants, banks, stores, and railroads.

Less than for 12 months all the camps were stuffed with former Social democrats, communists, critics of the Socialist Unitary Party and the relatives of SED members. Norman Naimark, the author of “Stalin and the fate of Europe,” labels those camps, as death camps.

NKVD imprisoned the total of 120,000 inmates, of which 42,907 died in the camps for the period running from 1945-1949. The number is huge. Nevertheless, Naimark did not believe in these numbers, presented in the reports of NKVD, and considered that they could be different and achieve 120,000 to 140,000 individuals perished in the camps, out of greater number of imprisoned people. Just uranium mining had killed enormous number of inmates. The project of nuclear weapons was under the watchful eye of Beria, the head of NKVD. Soviet authorities employed the forced labor of German imprisoned scientists and workers. Nobody was allowed to check the work conditions on the object of top secret and the inmates were dying without somebody’s control and recording.

The civil population of the Eastern Germany, who did not flee anywhere, suffered by taking the burden of Red army rules: murder, rape, robbery and expulsion. For example, in the East Prussian city of Konigsberg, in August 1945, approximately 100,000 Germans lived there after the Red army conquered the city. Only 20,000 were still there in 1948. After the Soviet capture of Berlin in 1945, one of the largest and most horrible cases of mass rape occurred. Tens of thousands of women and girls were raped until winter 1947-48, when the soviet occupation authorities confined the Soviet troops to strictly guarded military bases, completely separating them from the residential population of Eastern Germany.

The Soviet Union did not recognize the entry of the tsarist Russia to the Hague Conventions 1899 and 1907, as binding for itself and refused to sign it until 1955. This resulted in barbaric treatment of POW (prisoners of war). Throughout the WWII, more than 300,000 German, French, Romanian, Hungarian and other captives died. The POW were not released right after the war, but kept until 1956 under similar conditions, as before.

The Soviet Union demonstrated its totalitarian policy regarding any political changes in the policies of the “brothers’ socialist countries”. The Hungarian revolution of 1956 was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the pro-Stalinist government of Hungary. The revolt began, as a massive student demonstration moving through central Budapest to the Parliament building. A student delegation entered the radio building in attempt to broadcast their demands. The delegation was detained. The demonstrators insisted in the release of their delegators. The State Security Police answered with fire from within the radio building.

The revolt spread quickly through Hungary, and the government fell. Pro-Soviet communists were executed or imprisoned, as former prisoners were released and armed. On November 4, 1956 a large Soviet military force invaded Budapest and other regions of Hungary. The resistance of Hungarians lasted until November 10. Over 2,500 Hungarian and 700 Soviet troops were killed in the conflict, and about 200,000 Hungarians fled, as refugees, escaping the purges of KGB. Mass arrests and demonstrations continued for months after. By January 1957, the new Soviet-installed government had suppressed the public opposition, and the democratic block was deprived to provide any changes.

The experience of the Soviet Union in establishment of the communist dictatorship in other countries had a long history. Another example is the Soviet intrusions in the life and political structure of the Czechoslovakia. The country underwent serious losses during the WWII. The Soviet Union prepared the members of the communist party for leading the country under the banner of communism. In 1948 the communists took power in the country under the ideological orientation of the USSR. The country was declared a people’s republic – the first step toward socialism and communism.

Dissident elements, including the Catholic church, were purged from all levels of society.  The entire educational system was separated from the church and submitted to state control. The private ownership in all the fields of social life was eliminated. Czechoslovakia became a satellite of the Soviet Union.

A new constitution was passed through the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia, and although in theory, the country became a multiparty state. In actuality, the communists were in complete control. Stalin’s paranoia resulted in periodical “cleansing” the parties of the Soviet Union and the satellite countries. In all the countries, they accused opponents in “high treason” in order to remove them from the position of power. The NKVD and local security services provided large-scale arrests of Communists with an international background, veterans of Spanish war, Jews and Slovak bourgeois nationalists. The arrests were followed by show trails. The first secretary of the communist party Rudolf Slansky was executed and other 13 prominent communists were sentenced in November and December 1952 to death or forced laborin prison camps. Approximately 2.5 million people in March 1948 began to be subjected to merciless scrutiny. By 1960 the membership of the communist party in Czechoslovakia has been reduced to 1.4 million.

The Soviet Union insisted in providing the policy of total collectivization of agriculture in Czechoslovakia. A new Constitution declared the government’s intention to collectivize agriculture. The United Agricultural cooperatives were to be founded on a “voluntary” basis. The scenario of the USSR suggested the discriminatory policies to be employed that ruined the wealthy and hardworking peasants – “kulaks” (feasts). The collectivization was completed by 1960, but agricultural production declined seriously. The main inhuman and senseless policy of the USSR was fulfilled – the country was cleared from wealthy individuals in all the aspects of social life. In 1959, the pre-war level of production was not met. The communist policy destroyed the most experienced and productive farmers and provoked peasantry forsabotage. Nobody wanted to work hard, as they did not receive anything for their work.

In 1960, the Constitution of Czechoslovakia declared the victory of socialism and proclaimed Czechoslovakia Socialist Republic. In reality, in the early 1960s, the economy of the country was stagnant, and the industrial growth rate was the lowest in Europe. In 1963, big number of communists insisted in providing the reforms in the country. The reform-minded communists expressed criticism of economic planning, bureaucratic control of the communist party and ideological conformity.

The leaders of the communist party of Czechoslovakia arranged the consultations with Brezhnev and Central committee of the USSR. At the beginning, they were not suggested to respond with new purges and trails against the criticism, as it had happened before in 1949-54. Brezhnev, being a new leader of the USSR, saw the picture differently from Stalin, and some hardliners were removed from top levels of government positions and replaced with younger and more liberal communists. Democratic centralism was redefined, placing a stronger emphasis on democracy. The leading role of the communist party was reaffirmed but limited. The country was expecting full implementation of the reform program.

For some term, the soviet leaders were watching the development of Czechoslovakia, but in August 1967, the leaders of the Soviet Union expressed their concern regarding the shift of Czechoslovakia toward the “bourgeois” development with the establishment of pluralism – several political parties, and Soviet troops enter the country. The leader of Czechoslovakia Dubcek did not expect the invasion of the USSR on the territory of his country and did not mobilize the army to resist this invasion.

KGB ordered to arrest Dubcek on the night of August 20th, and he was delivered to Moscow for “negotiations”. The outcome was the Brezhnev’s doctrine of “limited sovereignty”, which requested the strengthening of the communist party, strict party control of the media, and full suppression of Czechoslovak Social Democratic party. A program of “normalization” entailed political repressions: a new purge of the reformist elements. 54 members of the Central Committee were replaced and about 500,000 members of the communist party were expelled from the communist party. The Publishing houses, radio, television and film studios were placed under strict control of the communist party, and their activity was re-directed. A final campaign   of “militant atheism” was organized. The Soviet troops remained stationed in Czechoslovakia, forcing the security apparatus to become the most ardent advocates of proletarian internationalism and communism. Only with the crush of the Soviet empire, Czechoslovakia, as all the rest of “satellite countries”, received its independence.

Not all the facts of the totalitarian Soviet criminal regime were mentioned in the article. We know about its intrusion in the countries of Africa, Asia and Middle East. I do not want to compare, but some countries have the tendency to repeat the same historical mistakes. The politicians must learn their responsibilities for the results of their incorrect decisions. The world needs peace. If we cannot be close brothers and sisters, we must remember that we all are the children of ONE FATHER. Only the complete understanding of this phenomenon can give us the chance of finding peace and happiness, love and success in the hardships of modern life.

Up to the present time, the Stalin’s terror had not received comparable recognition, as Nazism, Holocaust or atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The world needs to learn more evil facts of suppressed democracy in human history. The documents of NKVD crimes were not exposed to the right extend in the museums and educational programs. It’s understandable that present Russia is not responsible for the purges of the communist regime during the Soviet period. It is nice to know that presently Russian government leaders allow population of Russia to restore faith and attend religious services, so we can hope that they will not become faithless butchers in future. Moscow was an initiator of restoration of memory when opened the archives of NKVD, published Solzhenitsyn’s books, invited Andrei Sakharov to talk tothe Congress of the People’s deputies in Moscow, and supported the restoration of hundreds of churches, cathedrals, synagogues and mosques.

The brutalities of collectivization, artificially created famine for Ukrainians in different areas of their residing, the forced deportation of millions of innocent people and their family members to prisons and slave camps – GULAG, endless executions, forceful and inhuman policy toward the population of the annexed countries and totalitarian, imperial policy toward the sovereign countries of the world overwhelmed the angelic patience of our Creator. Nobody expected the collapse of the USSR, the country responsible for the crimes of communism. Nobody could predict the peaceful transition toward independence and democracy of all the countries, earlier annexed or kept under soviet communist control. The world was blessed with these changes, and we have to be grateful to our Lord for justice that won.

We hope that the Creator would not allow any country of the world to step on the road of suppressive and totalitarian communist policy. It is the right time to learn the real democracy and not to be brutally involved into lives of its citizens and other countries. People need to understand that we are the creation of one God, and if He has patience to us and our sins, giving us another chance for awakening of real faith and improvement, how can we be judgmental to others and enforce our will? The human life is short, and it is given to us to become stronger in faith, patience, tolerance, compassion and professionalism. I met many people in my medical practice. All of them were different, and not all of them have served God at the moment, when we met. Presently, thanks to the true life-story of my mother-in-lawthat I described in the trilogy “God’s Miracles in Lives of Regular People”, most of them are on their way to spirituality and success. They learned that with God everything is possible.

 

User Comments

Post A Comment

This user has disabled anonymous commenting.